Uncertainty in the results from oral repeated dose toxicity tests: Impact on regulatory classifications
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (2024)
The Lowest Observed (Adverse) Effect Level (LO(A)EL) values are point-of-departure (PoD) values that quantify repeat dose toxicity (RDT). Here, the uncertainty in the regulatory classification of these PoDs is investigated. In the application stage, the dose-response was approximated for a large set of series, giving an account of the possible presence of a hormesis zone. The minimal effect dose (MED) or dose was computed, and the ratio MED/LO(A)EL was used to represent the two components of the experimental uncertainty. The uncertainty estimations were calculated for any combination of gender and reported examination item. Subsequently, how this uncertainty affects the possible classifications was analyzed, and the percentage of the chemicals receiving ambiguous classification was determined. It was shown that more than 40% of the investigated chemicals cannot be classified unambiguously in the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) classification scheme and bear a potential for misclassification when a regulatory decision is based on a single LO(A)EL value. A table containing grey zones for different risk levels and a table with GHS classification distributions for various LO(A)EL values were prepared to facilitate the use of the RDT uncertainty in the practice.
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