Simulation of chemical metabolism for fate and hazard assessment. III. New developments of the bioconcentration factor base-line model.

SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research Volume 23, Issue 1-2, 17-36, 2012

The new development of the bioconcentration factor (BCF) base-line model of Dimitrov et al. [SAR QSAR Environ. Res. 6 (2005), pp. 531-554] is presented. The model applicability domain was expanded by enlarging the training set of the model up to 705 chemicals. The list of chemical-dependent mitigating factors was expanded by including water solubility of chemicals. The original empirical term for estimating ionization of chemicals was mechanistically analysed using two different approaches. In the first one, the ionization potential of chemicals was estimated based on the acid dissociation constant (pKa ). This term was found to be less adequate for inclusion in the ultimate BCF model, due to overestimating ionization of chemicals. The second approach, estimating the ionization as a ratio between distribution and partition coefficients (log P and log D), was found to be more successful. The new ionization term allows modelling of chemicals with both acidic and basic functionalities and chemicals undergoing different degrees of ionization. The significance of the different mitigating factors which can reduce the maximum bioconcentration potential of the chemicals was re-formulated and model parameters re-evaluated.


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